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About the fund

The aim of the fund is to ensure a long-term management of revenue from Norway’s oil and gas resources, so that this wealth benefits both current and future generations. The fund’s formal name is the Government Pension Fund Global.

How the fund is invested

8,859 Companies

The fund has a small stake in about 9,000 companies worldwide, including the likes of Apple, Nestlé, Microsoft and Samsung. On average, the fund holds 1.5 percent of all of the world’s listed companies.

72 Countries

The Government Pension Fund Global is one of the world's largest funds. Investments are spread across most markets, countries and currencies to achieve broad exposure to global growth and value creation, and ensure good risk diversification.

4 Investment areas

Most of the fund is invested in equities, which are ownership interests in companies. Another part is invested in bonds, which are a type of loan to governments and companies, and a final slice is invested in real estate and renewable energy infrastructure.

See every single investment

Search in all of the fund’s investments by country, asset class and sector. This information is updated annually and is available for every year since our first investment in 1998.

Responsible investment

The fund exists to help finance the Norwegian welfare state for future generations. The future value of the fund depends on sustainable growth, well-functioning markets and value creation at the companies we invest in.

The fund's development

Returns on the fund’s investments account for the biggest part of the fund's market value. Inflows from the government make up 4,698 billion kroner of the value. Fluctuations in the krone lie behind the remainder. The values in the chart is as at 31.12.23.


Market value

The fund's market value is affected by investment returns, capital inflow and withdrawals, and exchange rate movements.


Since 1998 the fund has generated an annual return of 6.09 percent, or 8,592 billion kroner.

The history

  • 1969
    We discover oil in the North sea
  • 1990
    The Parliament adopts the Government Pension Fund Act
  • 1996
    The first money transfer to the fund
  • 2019
    The fund's value reaches 10,000 billion kroner

Press conference: Responsible investment 2023

CEO Nicolai Tangen, Chief Governance and Compliance Officer Carine Smith Ihenacho, Global Head of Active Ownership Wilhelm Mohn and Head of Environment Eivind Fliflet presented the highlights of our responsible investment work in 2023.

Previous press conference: Annual key figures 2023

CEO Nicolai Tangen and Deputy CEO Trond Grande presented the annual key figures for 2023. We also heard from various experts in the fund, who provided a deeper insight into some specific areas and sectors of relevance in the year that has passed. The press conference was held on 30 January.

Investment insights

The fund’s investment decisions are based on research and analysis of the developments in financial markets and the global economy. We share internal research and analysis as well as content from conferences or seminars. We invite to dialogue and have a strong collaboration with academics, peers and practitioners with an aim to improving the investment strategy and our results.

Get to know the CEOs of the world's largest companies

In this podcast our CEO Nicolai Tangen is having in-depth interviews with leaders of some of the largest companies in the world, such as OpenAI's Sam Altman, Nicolas Hieronimus, CEO of L'oréal and Benedetto Vigna, CEO of Ferrari. You will get to know the leader, their strategy, and how they interact with a large investors like us.


Decisions on exclusion

29 Feb. 2024

Norges Bank has decided to exclude three companies from the Government Pension Fund Global.

Annual report for the Government Pension Fund Global in 2023

27 Feb. 2024

Norges Bank Investment Management has published the full annual report for the Government Pension Fund Global in 2023.

Responsible investment delivers results

07 Feb. 2024

In 2023, we stepped up our efforts on climate, and we see that more companies are setting net zero targets. We also increased the scale of our risk-based divestments.