About the fund

The aim of the oil fund is to ensure responsible and long-term management of revenue from Norway’s oil and gas resources, so that this wealth benefits both current and future generations. The fund’s formal name is the Government Pension Fund Global.

How the fund is invested

9,123 Companies

The fund has a small stake in more than 9,000 companies worldwide, including the likes of Apple, Nestlé, Microsoft and Samsung. On average, the fund holds 1.4 percent of all of the world’s listed companies.

73 Countries

The Norwegian oil fund is one of the world's largest funds. Investments are spread across most markets, countries and currencies to achieve broad exposure to global growth and value creation, and ensure good risk diversification.

4 Investment areas

Most of the fund is invested in equities, which are ownership interests in companies. Another part is invested in bonds, which are a type of loan to governments and companies, and a final slice is invested in real estate and infrastructure for renewable energy.

See every single investment

Search in all of the fund’s investments by country, asset class and sector. This information is updated annually and is available for every year since our first investment in 1998.

Responsible investment

The fund exists to help finance the Norwegian welfare state for future generations. The future value of the fund depends on sustainable growth, well-functioning markets and value creation at the companies we invest in.

The fund's development

Returns on the fund’s investments account for the biggest part of the fund's market value. Inflows from the government make up 2,942 billion kroner of the value. Fluctuations in the krone lie behind the remainder.

Currency

Market value

The fund's market value is affected by investment returns, capital inflow and withdrawals, and exchange rate movements.

Return

Since 1998 the fund has generated an annual return of 6.6 percent, or 7,417 billion kroner.

The fund's history

  • 1969
    We discover oil in the North sea
  • 1990
    The Parliament adopts the Government Pension Fund Act
  • 1996
    The first money transfer to the fund
  • 2019
    The fund's value reaches 10,000 billion kroner

Investment insights

The fund’s investment decisions are based on research and analysis of the developments in financial markets and the global economy. We share internal research and analysis as well as content from conferences or seminars. We invite to dialogue and have a strong collaboration with academics, peers and practitioners with an aim to improving the investment strategy and our results.

News

Flat return in the third quarter

21 Oct. 2021

In the third quarter of 2021, the Government Pension Fund Global returned 0.1 percent, equivalent to 31 billion kroner.

Decisions on exclusion and revoking of exclusion

29 Sep. 2021

Norges Bank has decided to exclude four companies from the Government Pension Fund Global, as well as to revoke the exclusion of one company.

Investing in fixed income – a 25-year review

08 Sep. 2021

The role of fixed income in the fund is to reduce return fluctuations, meet liquidity needs and reap bond market risk premiums. These objectives stand despite today’s low interest rate environment. Today, we publish an historic review of the fund’s more than 25 years’ experience in this area.