About the fund

The aim of the oil fund is to ensure responsible and long-term management of revenue from Norway’s oil and gas resources in the North Sea so that this wealth benefits both current and future generations. The fund’s formal name is the Government Pension Fund Global.

How the fund is invested

9146 Companies

The fund has a small stake in more than 9,000 companies worldwide, including the likes of Apple, Nestlé, Microsoft and Samsung. On average, the fund holds 1.4 percent of all of the world’s listed companies.

72 Countries

The Norwegian oil fund is one of the world's largest funds. Investments are spread across most markets, countries and currencies to achieve broad exposure to global growth and value creation, and ensure good risk diversification.

3 Investment areas

Most of the fund is invested in equities, which are ownership interests in companies. Another part is invested in bonds, which are a type of loan to governments and companies, and a final slice is invested in real estate.

See every single investment

Search all of the fund’s investments by country, asset class and sector. This information is updated annually and is available for every year since our first investment in 1998.

Responsible investment

The oil fund exists to help finance the Norwegian welfare state for future generations. The future value of the fund is dependent on sustainable growth, well-functioning markets and value creation at the companies we invest in.

The fund's development

The market value in billions of kroner. 2018 values as at 30 September

Market value

The fund's market value is affected by investment returns, capital inflow and withdrawals, and exchange rate movements.

Return

Since 1998 the fund has generated an annual return of about 6 percent, or more than 4,000 billion kroner.

The fund's history

  • 1969
    We discover oil in the North sea
  • 1990
    The Parliament adopts the Government Pension Fund Act
  • 1996
    The first money transfer to the fund
  • 2017
    The fund's value reaches 1 trillion dollars

Research and analysis

All of the fund’s investment decisions are based on in-depth research and analysis. We believe that the fund will benefit in the long term from close links with the research world. We help academic institutions to attract international researchers, reward outstanding research contributions, issue grants to students for doctoral studies in financial economics, and provide long-term incentives to promote high-quality financial research.

News

Fund will continue to be a major player in real estate

08 Feb. 2019
Last Wednesday, Norges Bank’s Executive Board decided on a new strategy for real estate investments in the Government Pension Fund Global (GPFG).

New real estate investment strategy

07 Feb. 2019
In a letter to the Ministry of Finance, Norges Bank presents the work on its strategy for real estate investments in the Government Pension Fund Global.

Closer dialog with companies

07 Feb. 2019
In 2018 we had close to 1,500 company meetings where we discussed governance and followed up on our expectations of companies.