About the fund

The aim of the oil fund is to ensure responsible and long-term management of revenue from Norway’s oil and gas resources, so that this wealth benefits both current and future generations. The fund’s formal name is the Government Pension Fund Global.

How the fund is invested

9,338 Companies

The fund has a small stake in more than 9,000 companies worldwide, including the likes of Apple, Nestlé, Microsoft and Samsung. On average, the fund holds 1.3 percent of all of the world’s listed companies.

70 Countries

The Norwegian oil fund is one of the world's largest funds. Investments are spread across most markets, countries and currencies to achieve broad exposure to global growth and value creation, and ensure good risk diversification.

4 Investment areas

Most of the fund is invested in equities, which are ownership interests in companies. Another part is invested in bonds, which are a type of loan to governments and companies, and a final slice is invested in real estate and infrastructure for renewable energy.

See every single investment

Search in all of the fund’s investments by country, asset class and sector. This information is updated annually and is available for every year since our first investment in 1998.

Responsible investment

The fund exists to help finance the Norwegian welfare state for future generations. The future value of the fund depends on sustainable growth, well-functioning markets and value creation at the companies we invest in.

The fund's development

Returns on the fund’s investments account for the biggest part of the fund's market value. Inflows from the government make up 2,942 billion kroner of the value. Fluctuations in the krone lie behind the remainder.


Market value

The fund's market value is affected by investment returns, capital inflow and withdrawals, and exchange rate movements.


Since 1998 the fund has generated an annual return of 6.62 percent, or 8,007 billion kroner.

The history

  • 1969
    We discover oil in the North sea
  • 1990
    The Parliament adopts the Government Pension Fund Act
  • 1996
    The first money transfer to the fund
  • 2019
    The fund's value reaches 10,000 billion kroner

In Good Company

Our CEO Nicolai Tangen is having in-depth interviews with leaders of some of the largest companies in the world, such as BPs Bernard Looney, Mary Barra, CEO of General Motors and David Solomon, CEO of Goldman Sachs. You will get to know the leader, their strategy, and how they interact with a large investors like us.

Investment insights

The fund’s investment decisions are based on research and analysis of the developments in financial markets and the global economy. We share internal research and analysis as well as content from conferences or seminars. We invite to dialogue and have a strong collaboration with academics, peers and practitioners with an aim to improving the investment strategy and our results.


Decisions on observation and exclusion

15 Jun. 2022

Norges Bank has decided to place one company under observation, revoke the exclusion of one company, and end active ownership for one company.

New Co-Chief Investment Officers Equities

10 Jun. 2022

Daniel Balthasar and Pedro Furtado Reis have been appointed Co-Chief Investment Officers Equities at Norges Bank Investment Management. They will take up their positions on 1 July.

Fund makes new investment in Berlin

20 May. 2022

Norges Bank Investment Management has signed an agreement to acquire a 50 percent interest in Sony Center, a mixed-use property located on Potsdamer Straße 4 in Berlin, in a joint venture with Oxford Properties.