Returns

The fund seeks to achieve the highest possible long-term return with an acceptable risk.

The Norwegian government first transferred capital to the fund in May 1996. By the end of the first quarter of 2019, the fund has received a total of 3,376 billion kroner, while the fund's cumulative return was 4,404 billion kroner.

The fund has generated an annual return of 5.8 percent between 1 January 1998 and the end of the first quarter of 2019. After management costs and inflation, the annual return has been 3.9 percent.

Annual return and accumulated annualised return

In percent as at 31 March 2019

Annual return by asset class

In percent as at 31 March 2019

Return figures

Measured in the fund's currency basket. Percent

  31.03.2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
1 Excluding securities classified as Norwegian and securities denominated in Norwegian kroner, in accordance with equity and bond indices from the Ministry of Finance.
FTSE Global All Cap index131.03.201912.652018-7.40201717.80201611.0220153.14201411.84
Equity part of the fund's benchmark index31.03.201911.882018-8.80201718.6820168.5820153.0020148.73
The fund's equity investments31.03.201912.222018-9.49201719.4420168.7220153.8320147.90
Bloomberg Barclays Global Aggregate index131.03.2019 2.4720181.3220171.7820164.1220151.6820147.67
Fixed-income part of the fund's benchmark index31.03.2019 2.8020180.5620172.8820164.1620150.5720147.59
The fund's fixed-income investments31.03.2019 2.8720180.5620173.3120164.3220150.3320146.88
The fund's unlisted real estate investments31.03.2019 1.7220187.5320177.5220160.7820159.99201410.42
Total return on fund31.03.2019 9.102018-6.12201713.6620166.9220152.7420147.58
Relative return on fund (percentage points)31.03.2019 0.182018-0.3020170.7020160.1520150.452014-0.77
Management costs31.03.2019 0.0120180.0520170.0620160.0520150.0620140.06
Return on fund after management costs31.03.2019 9.082018-6.17201713.6020166.8720152.6820147.52

 

Historical key figures

Annualised data

  Since 01.01.1998 LAST 15 YEARS Last 10 years Last 5 years Last 12 months2
1 Based on aggregated equity and fixed-income investments until end of 2016.
2 Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. When relatively few observations are used, as for «Last 12 months», the risk estimates have high uncertainty.    
3 Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return.    
4 The fund's information ratio (IR) is the ratio of the fund's average monthly relative return to the fund's tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk.
Fund return (percent)Since 01.01.19985.84LAST 15 YEARS6.19Last 10 years9.81Last 5 years6.23Last 12 months24.01
Relative return on fund (percentage points)1Since 01.01.19980.25LAST 15 YEARS0.17Last 10 years0.65Last 5 years0.07Last 12 months2-0.30
Annual price inflation (percent)Since 01.01.19981.77LAST 15 YEARS1.87Last 10 years1.72Last 5 years1.34Last 12 months21.61
Annual management costs (percent)Since 01.01.19980.08LAST 15 YEARS0.08Last 10 years0.07Last 5 years0.06Last 12 months20.06
Net real return on fund (percent)Since 01.01.19983.91LAST 15 YEARS4.16Last 10 years7.88Last 5 years4.76Last 12 months22.31
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return2
The fund's actual standard deviation (percent)Since 01.01.19987.41LAST 15 YEARS7.97Last 10 years7.61Last 5 years6.65Last 12 months29.41
Standard deviation difference. Fund versus benchmark index (percentage points)1Since 01.01.19980.37LAST 15 YEARS0.46Last 10 years0.26Last 5 years0.08Last 12 months20.12
The fund's Sharpe ratio3 (percent)Since 01.01.19980.55LAST 15 YEARS0.64Last 10 years1.22Last 5 years0.84Last 12 months20.25
Sharpe ratio3 difference. Fund versus benchmark index (percentage points)1
Since 01.01.19980.01LAST 15 YEARS-0.01Last 10 years0.04Last 5 years0.00Last 12 months2-0.03
The fund's tracking error (percentage points)1Since 01.01.19980.68LAST 15 YEARS0.76Last 10 years0.55Last 5 years0.35Last 12 months20.32
The fund's information ratio (IR)1,4Since 01.01.19980.40LAST 15 YEARS0.26Last 10 years1.11Last 5 years0.19Last 12 months2-0.88

5 year periods

  1998-2002 2003-2007 2008-2012 2013-2017
1 Based on aggregated equity and fixed-income investments until end of 2016.
2 Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. When relatively few observations are used, as for «Last 12 months», the risk estimates have high uncertainty.    
3 Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return.    
4 The fund's information ratio (IR) is the ratio of the fund's average monthly relative return to the fund's tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk.
Fund return (percent)1998-20023.192003-20078.922008-20123.142013-20179.26
Relative return on fund1 (percentage points)1998-20020.412003-20070.402008-20120.012013-20170.29
Annual price inflation (percent)1998-20021.462003-20072.302008-20122.012013-20171.30
Annual management costs (percent)1998-20020.082003-20070.102008-20120.102013-20170.06
Net real return on fund (percent)1998-20021.622003-20076.372008-20121.012013-20177.81
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return2
The fund's actual standard deviation (percent)1998-20026.132003-20073.822008-201211.312013-20175.90
Standard deviation difference. Fund versus benchmark index (percentage points)11998-20020.122003-20070.172008-20120.862013-20170.11
The fund's Sharpe ratio (percent)31998-2002-0.122003-20071.512008-20120.302013-20171.50
Sharpe ratio3 difference. Fund versus benchmark index (percentage points)11998-20020.072003-20070.032008-2012-0.012013-20170.02
The fund's tracking error (percentage points)11998-20020.432003-20070.422008-20121.202013-20170.38
The fund's information ratio (IR)1,41998-20020.962003-20070.912008-20120.092013-20170.73

Equity management - Annualised

  Since 01.01.1999 LAST 15 YEARS Last 10 years Last 5 years Last 12 months1
1 Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. When relatively few observations are used, as for «Last 12 months», the risk estimates have high uncertainty.
2 Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return.  
3 The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk.
Return on equity management (percent)Since 01.01.19995.84LAST 15 YEARS7.65Last 10 years12.86Last 5 years7.81Last 12 months13.80
Return on equity management benchmark index (percent)Since 01.01.19995.39LAST 15 YEARS7.33Last 10 years12.53Last 5 years7.75Last 12 months14.37
Relative return on equity management (percentage points)Since 01.01.19990.45LAST 15 YEARS0.32Last 10 years0.34Last 5 years0.06Last 12 months1-0.57
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return1     
Standard deviation for equity management (percent)Since 01.01.199914.18LAST 15 YEARS13.49Last 10 years12.33Last 5 years10.27Last 12 months113.82
Standard deviation for equity management benchmark index (percent)Since 01.01.199913.85LAST 15 YEARS13.11Last 10 years12.09Last 5 years10.09Last 12 months113.59
Standard deviation difference. Equity management versus benchmark (percentage points)Since 01.01.19990.33LAST 15 YEARS0.38Last 10 years0.24Last 5 years0.19Last 12 months10.23
Sharpe ratio2 for equity management (percent)Since 01.01.19990.35LAST 15 YEARS0.53Last 10 years1.02Last 5 years0.72Last 12 months10.19
Sharpe ratio2 for equity management benchmark index (percent)Since 01.01.19990.32LAST 15 YEARS0.51Last 10 years1.01Last 5 years0.73Last 12 months10.23
Sharpe ratio2 difference. Equity management versus benchmark (percentage points)Since 01.01.19990.03LAST 15 YEARS0.01Last 10 years0.01Last 5 years-0.01Last 12 months1-0.04
Tracking error for equity management (percentage points)Since 01.01.19990.76LAST 15 YEARS0.70Last 10 years0.44Last 5 years0.46Last 12 months10.45
Information ratio (IR)3 for equity managementSince 01.01.19990.62LAST 15 YEARS0.50Last 10 years0.75Last 5 years0.17Last 12 months1-1.16

Equity management - 5 year periods

  1999-2002 2003-2007 2008-2012 2013-2017
1 Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations.
2 Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return.  
3 The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk.
Return on equity management (percent)1999-2002-4.852003-200716.282008-2012-0.592013-201712.95
Return on equity management benchmark index (percent)1999-2002-5.632003-200715.372008-2012-0.592013-201712.52
Relative return on equity management (percentage points)1999-20020.782003-20070.902008-20120.012013-20170.42
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return1    
Standard deviation for equity management (percent)1999-200216.882003-20079.242008-201219.112013-20179.26
Standard deviation for equity management benchmark index (percent)1999-200216.552003-20079.002008-201218.602013-20179.06
Standard deviation difference. Equity management versus benchmark (percentage points)1999-20020.332003-20070.242008-20120.512013-20170.20
Sharpe ratio2 for equity management (percent)1999-2002-0.442003-20071.382008-20120.052013-20171.35
Sharpe ratio2 for equity management benchmark index (percent)1999-2002-0.502003-20071.322008-20120.042013-20171.33
Sharpe ratio2 difference. Equity management versus benchmark (percentage points)1999-20020.062003-20070.052008-20120.002013-20170.01
Tracking error for equity management (percentage points)1999-20021.002003-20070.762008-20120.842013-20170.45
Information ratio (IR)3 for equity management1999-20020.872003-20071.072008-20120.132013-20170.88

Fixed-income management - annualised

  Since 01.01.1998 LAST 15 YEARS Last 10 years Last 5 years Last 12 months1
1 Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. When relatively few observations are used, as for «Last 12 months», the risk estimates have high uncertainty.
2 Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return.  
3 The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk.
Return on fixed-income management (percent)Since 01.01.19984.64LAST 15 YEARS3.99Last 10 years4.91Last 5 years3.21Last 12 months13.82
Return on fixed-income management benchmark index (percent)Since 01.01.19984.50LAST 15 YEARS3.88Last 10 years3.93Last 5 years3.26Last 12 months13.87
Relative return on fixed-income management (percentage points)Since 01.01.19980.14LAST 15 YEARS0.11Last 10 years0.97Last 5 years-0.05Last 12 months1-0.05
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return1     
Standard deviation for fixed-income management (percent)Since 01.01.19983.27LAST 15 YEARS3.26Last 10 years2.96Last 5 years2.59Last 12 months12.44
Standard deviation for fixed-income management benchmark index (percent)Since 01.01.19983.15LAST 15 YEARS3.09Last 10 years2.86Last 5 years2.76Last 12 months12.49
Standard deviation difference. Fixed-income management versus benchmark (percentage points)Since 01.01.19980.13LAST 15 YEARS0.17Last 10 years0.11Last 5 years-0.17Last 12 months1-0.06
Sharpe ratio2 for fixed-income management (percent)Since 01.01.19980.83LAST 15 YEARS0.84Last 10 years1.51Last 5 years0.97Last 12 months10.72
Sharpe ratio2 for fixed-income management benchmark index (percent)Since 01.01.19980.82LAST 15 YEARS0.85Last 10 years1.24Last 5 years0.93Last 12 months10.72
Sharpe ratio2 difference. Fixed-income management versus benchmark (percentage points)Since 01.01.19980.01LAST 15 YEARS-0.01Last 10 years0.27Last 5 years0.04Last 12 months10.00
Tracking error for fixed-income management (percentage points)Since 01.01.19981.00LAST 15 YEARS1.18Last 10 years1.01Last 5 years0.40Last 12 months10.46
Information ratio (IR)3 for fixed-income managementSince 01.01.19980.14LAST 15 YEARS0.10Last 10 years0.93Last 5 years-0.13Last 12 months1-0.10

Fixed-income management - 5 year periods

  1998-2002 2003-2007 2008-2012 2013-2017
1 Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations.
2 Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return.  
3 The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk.
Return on fixed-income management (percent)1998-20026.262003-20074.002008-20125.872013-20172.96
Return on fixed-income management benchmark index (percent)1998-20026.092003-20073.972008-20125.442013-20172.98
Relative return on fixed-income management (percentage points)1998-20020.172003-20070.032008-20120.432013-2017-0.02
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return1    
Standard deviation for fixed-income management (percent)1998-20023.062003-20073.042008-20124.272013-20172.67
Standard deviation for fixed-income management benchmark index (percent)1998-20023.052003-20073.102008-20123.622013-20172.92
Standard deviation difference. Fixed-income management versus benchmark (percentage points)1998-20020.012003-2007-0.052008-20120.642013-2017-0.24
Sharpe ratio2 for fixed-income management (percent)1998-20020.672003-20070.362008-20121.272013-20171.03
Sharpe ratio2 for fixed-income management benchmark index (percent)1998-20020.622003-20070.342008-20121.382013-20170.95
Sharpe ratio2 difference. Fixed-income management versus benchmark (percentage points)1998-20020.052003-20070.022008-2012-0.112013-20170.08
Tracking error for fixed-income management (percentage points)1998-20020.312003-20070.372008-20121.962013-20170.47
Information ratio (IR)3 for fixed-income management1998-20020.522003-20070.082008-20120.222013-2017-0.06

Equity investments - annualised data*

  Since 01.01.1999 LAST 15 YEARS Last 10 years Last 5 years Last 12 months1
* The definition of asset classes and benchmark indices follows mandate given by the Ministry of Finance
1
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. When relatively few observations are used, as for «Last 12 months», the risk estimates have high uncertainty.
2 Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return.  
3 The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk.
Return on equity investments (percent)Since 01.01.19995.84LAST 15 YEARS7.65Last 10 years12.86Last 5 years7.81Last 12 months13.87
Return on equity benchmark index (percent)Since 01.01.19995.39LAST 15 YEARS7.33Last 10 years12.52Last 5 years7.74Last 12 months14.39
Relative return on equity investments (percentage points)Since 01.01.19990.45LAST 15 YEARS0.32Last 10 years0.34Last 5 years0.06Last 12 months1-0.52
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return1
Standard deviation for equity investments (percent)Since 01.01.199914.18LAST 15 YEARS13.49Last 10 years12.33Last 5 years10.27Last 12 months113.83
Standard deviation for equity benchmark index (percent)Since 01.01.199913.85LAST 15 YEARS13.11Last 10 years12.09Last 5 years10.09Last 12 months113.60
Standard deviation difference. Equity investments versus benchmark (percentage points)Since 01.01.19990.33LAST 15 YEARS0.37Last 10 years0.23Last 5 years0.18Last 12 months10.23
Sharpe ratio2 for equity investments (percent)Since 01.01.19990.35LAST 15 YEARS0.53Last 10 years1.02Last 5 years0.72Last 12 months10.19
Sharpe ratio2 for equity benchmark index (percent)Since 01.01.19990.32LAST 15 YEARS0.51Last 10 years1.01Last 5 years0.72Last 12 months10.23
Sharpe ratio2 difference. Equity investments versus benchmark (percentage points)Since 01.01.19990.03LAST 15 YEARS0.01Last 10 years0.01Last 5 years-0.01Last 12 months1-0.04
Tracking error for equity investments (percentage points)Since 01.01.19990.76LAST 15 YEARS0.70Last 10 years0.44Last 5 years0.47Last 12 months10.46
Information ratio (IR)3 for equity investmentsSince 01.01.19990.62LAST 15 YEARS0.50Last 10 years0.75Last 5 years0.16Last 12 months1-1.05

Equity investments - 5 year periods*

  1999-2002 2003-2007 2008-2012 2013-2017
* The definition of asset classes and benchmark indices follows mandate given by the Ministry of Finance.
1
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations.
2 Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return.  
3 The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk.
Return on equity investments (percent)1999-2002-4.852003-200716.282008-2012-0.592013-201712.94
Return on equity benchmark index (percent)1999-2002-5.632003-200715.372008-2012-0.592013-201712.52
Relative return on equity investments (percentage points)1999-20020.782003-20070.902008-20120.012013-20170.42
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return1
Standard deviation for equity investments (percent)1999-200216.882003-20079.242008-201219.112013-20179.26
Standard deviation for equity benchmark index (percent)1999-200216.552003-20079.002008-201218.602013-20179.06
Standard deviation difference. Equity investments versus benchmark (percentage points)1999-20020.332003-20070.242008-20120.512013-20170.20
Sharpe ratio2 for equity investments (percent)1999-2002-0.442003-20071.382008-20120.052013-20171.34
Sharpe ratio2 for equity benchmark index (percent)1999-2002-0.502003-20071.322008-20120.042013-20171.33
Sharpe ratio2 difference. Equity investments versus benchmark (percentage points)1999-20020.062003-20070.052008-20120.002013-20170.01
Tracking error for equity investments (percentage points)1999-20021.002003-20070.762008-20120.842013-20170.45
Information ratio (IR)3 for equity investments1999-20020.872003-20071.072008-20120.132013-20170.86

Fixed-income investments - annualised data*

  Since 01.01.1998 LAST 15 YEARS Last 10 years Last 5 years Last 12 months1
* The definition of asset classes and benchmark indices follows mandate given by the Ministry of Finance.
1
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. When relatively few observations are used, as for «Last 12 months», the risk estimates have high uncertainty.
2 Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return.  
3 The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk.
Return on fixed-income investments (percent)Since 01.01.19984.64LAST 15 YEARS3.99Last 10 years4.91Last 5 years3.21Last 12 months13.82
Return on fixed-income benchmark index (percent)Since 01.01.19984.50LAST 15 YEARS3.88Last 10 years3.93Last 5 years3.25Last 12 months13.83
Relative return on fixed-income investments (percentage points)Since 01.01.19980.15LAST 15 YEARS0.12Last 10 years0.98Last 5 years-0.04Last 12 months1-0.01
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return1
Standard deviation for fixed-income investments (percent)Since 01.01.19983.27LAST 15 YEARS3.26Last 10 years2.96Last 5 years2.59Last 12 months12.44
Standard deviation for fixed-income benchmark index (percent)Since 01.01.19983.15LAST 15 YEARS3.09Last 10 years2.86Last 5 years2.77Last 12 months12.51
Standard deviation difference. Fixed-income investments versus benchmark (percentage points)Since 01.01.19980.12LAST 15 YEARS0.17Last 10 years0.10Last 5 years-0.18Last 12 months1-0.07
Sharpe ratio2 for fixed-income investments (percent)Since 01.01.19980.83LAST 15 YEARS0.84Last 10 years1.51Last 5 years0.97Last 12 months10.72
Sharpe ratio2 for fixed-income benchmark index (percent)Since 01.01.19980.81LAST 15 YEARS0.85Last 10 years1.24Last 5 years0.93Last 12 months10.70
Sharpe ratio2 difference. Fixed-income investments versus benchmark (percentage points)Since 01.01.19980.01LAST 15 YEARS-0.01Last 10 years0.28Last 5 years0.05Last 12 months10.02
Tracking error for fixed-income investments (percentage points)Since 01.01.19981.00LAST 15 YEARS1.18Last 10 years1.01Last 5 years0.41Last 12 months10.47
Information ratio (IR)3 for fixed-income investmentsSince 01.01.19980.14LAST 15 YEARS0.10Last 10 years0.94Last 5 years-0.11Last 12 months1-0.03

Fixed-income investments - 5 year periods*

  1998-2002 2003-2007 2008-2012 2013-2017
* The definition of asset classes and benchmark indices follows mandate given by the Ministry of Finance.
1
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations.
2 Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return.  
3 The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk.
Return on fixed-income investments (percent)1998-20026.262003-20074.002008-20125.872013-20172.96
Return on fixed-income benchmark index (percent)1998-20026.092003-20073.972008-20125.442013-20172.97
Relative return on fixed-income investments (percentage points)1998-20020.172003-20070.032008-20120.432013-2017-0.02
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return1
Standard deviation for fixed-income investments (percent)1998-20023.062003-20073.042008-20124.272013-20172.67
Standard deviation for fixed-income benchmark index (percent)1998-20023.052003-20073.102008-20123.622013-20172.92
Standard deviation difference. Fixed-income investments versus benchmark (percentage points)1998-20020.012003-2007-0.052008-20120.642013-2017-0.24
Sharpe ratio2 for fixed-income investments (percent)1998-20020.672003-20070.362008-20121.272013-20171.03
Sharpe ratio2 for fixed-income benchmark index (percent)1998-20020.622003-20070.342008-20121.382013-20170.95
Sharpe ratio2 difference. Fixed-income investments versus benchmark (percentage points)1998-20020.052003-20070.022008-2012-0.112013-20170.08
Tracking error for fixed-income investments (percentage points)1998-20020.312003-20070.372008-20121.962013-20170.47
Information ratio (IR)3 for fixed-income investments1998-20020.522003-20070.082008-20120.222013-2017-0.05

Return on unlisted real estate, funding return, and other return series

Measured in the fund's currency basket. Percent

  2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
ICB Supersector Real Estate. Not adjusted for leverage, geography, or any other factors.
Actual benchmark index for the Fund. The equity share has varied during the period.
Return unlisted real estate20187.5320177.5220161.70201510.7920149.65
Funding benchmark2018-2.0620176.77
Benchmark index fixed income20184.1620170.5720167.59
Return difference fixed income2018-2.46201710.2220162.06
Return difference funding benchmark20189.5920170.75
Other return series
FTSE Global All Cap index Real Estate12018-5.49201712.0420167.1120154.74201422.15
Benchmark index fixed income20180.5620172.8820164.1620150.5720147.59
Benchmark index equity2018-8.80201718.6820168.5820153.0020148.73
Fund benchmark index (equity and fixed income)22018-5.82201712.9620166.9720152.0720148.30

Property returns measured against MSCI Global

Measured in local currency. Percent

  20182 2017 2016 2015 2014
1 Adjusted for transaction costs.
2 MSCI Global figures for 2018 are not available.
Property return unlisted real estate investments201827.920178.420165.6201510.6201411.4
MSCI Global120182n/a20178.320167.7201510.9201410.1
MSCI Global. Portfolio weights120182n/a20178.620166.9201511.6201411.4
Return difference to MSCI Global 20182n/a20170.12016-2.12015-0.320141.2
Return difference to MSCI Global. Portfolio weights20182n/a2017-0.22016-1.32015-1.020140.0

Relative and risk-adjusted return

In decomposing the fund's relative return and risk-adjusted return we distinguish between the terms equity investments and equity management. Equity investments is the total holding of listed stocks measured against the strategic equity benchmark from the Ministry of Finance. Equity management is our holding of listed stock excluding listed real estate that is managed together with unlisted real estate in the overall real estate management, measured against a benchmark adjusted for funding of listed and unlisted real estate investments. The same goes for fixed income. 

Returns in international currency

The fund is invested in international securities. Returns are generally measured in international currency – a weighted combination of the currencies in the fund’s benchmark index for equities and bonds. The fund’s currency basket consisted of 35 currencies at the end of 2018. Unless otherwise stated, results are measured in this currency basket.

Methodology for the calculations of returns

The methodology for calculating returns on the funds managed by Norges Bank Investment Management is based on the international standard Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS®). This is GIPS reports and the GIPS compliance manual, including formulae for calculating returns.

Last saved: 06/05/2019

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