Returns
The Norwegian government first transferred capital to the fund in May 1996. By the end of the third quarter of 2019, the fund has received a total of 3,378 billion kroner, while the fund's cumulative return was 4,897 billion kroner.
The fund has generated an annual return of 5.9 percent between 1 January 1998 and the end of the third quarter of 2019. The net annual return on the fund is 4.0 percent.
Annual return and accumulated annualised return
In percent as at 30 September 2019
Annual return by asset class
In percent as at 30 September 2019
Return figures
Measured in the fund's currency basket. Percent
30.09.2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
FTSE Global All Cap index^{1} | 30.09.201918.12 | 2018-7.40 | 201717.80 | 201611.02 | 20153.14 | 201411.84 |
Equity part of the fund's benchmark index | 30.09.201916.85 | 2018-8.80 | 201718.68 | 20168.58 | 20153.00 | 20148.73 |
The fund's equity investments | 30.09.201917.04 | 2018-9.49 | 201719.44 | 20168.72 | 20153.83 | 20147.90 |
Bloomberg Barclays Global Aggregate index^{1} | 30.09.2019 7.95 | 20181.32 | 20171.78 | 20164.12 | 20151.68 | 20147.67 |
Fixed-income part of the fund's benchmark index | 30.09.2019 8.51 | 20180.56 | 20172.88 | 20164.16 | 20150.57 | 20147.59 |
The fund's fixed-income investments | 30.09.2019 8.53 | 20180.56 | 20173.31 | 20164.32 | 20150.33 | 20146.88 |
The fund's unlisted real estate investments | 30.09.2019 4.14 | 20187.53 | 20177.52 | 20160.78 | 20159.99 | 201410.42 |
Total return on fund | 30.09.2019 14.10 | 2018-6.12 | 201713.66 | 20166.92 | 20152.74 | 20147.58 |
Relative return on fund (percentage points) | 30.09.2019 -0.02 | 2018-0.30 | 20170.70 | 20160.15 | 20150.45 | 2014-0.77 |
Management costs | 30.09.2019 0.04 | 20180.05 | 20170.06 | 20160.05 | 20150.06 | 20140.06 |
Return on fund after management costs | 30.09.2019 14.06 | 2018-6.17 | 201713.60 | 20166.87 | 20152.68 | 20147.52 |
^{1} Excluding securities classified as Norwegian and securities denominated in Norwegian kroner, in accordance with equity and bond indices from the Ministry of Finance. |
Historical key figures
Annualised data
Since 01.01.1998 | Last 15 years | Last 10 years | Last 5 years | Last 12 months^{2} | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
Fund return (percent) | Since 01.01.19985.92 | Last 15 years6.42 | Last 10 years7.63 | Last 5 years6.49 | Last 12 months24.68 |
Relative return on fund (percentage points)^{1} | Since 01.01.19980.24 | Last 15 years0.15 | Last 10 years0.27 | Last 5 years0.17 | Last 12 months2-0.10 |
Annual price inflation (percent) | Since 01.01.19981.78 | Last 15 years1.87 | Last 10 years1.73 | Last 5 years1.38 | Last 12 months21.39 |
Annual management costs (percent) | Since 01.01.19980.08 | Last 15 years0.08 | Last 10 years0.07 | Last 5 years0.06 | Last 12 months20.05 |
Net real return on fund (percent) | Since 01.01.19983.99 | Last 15 years4.39 | Last 10 years5.72 | Last 5 years4.98 | Last 12 months23.20 |
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return^{2} | |||||
The fund's actual standard deviation (percent) | Since 01.01.19987.44 | Last 15 years8.10 | Last 10 years7.17 | Last 5 years7.08 | Last 12 months211.17 |
Standard deviation difference. Fund versus benchmark index (percentage points)^{1} | Since 01.01.19980.36 | Last 15 years0.46 | Last 10 years0.14 | Last 5 years0.08 | Last 12 months20.18 |
The fund's Sharpe ratio^{3} (percent) | Since 01.01.19980.56 | Last 15 years0.66 | Last 10 years1.00 | Last 5 years0.80 | Last 12 months20.26 |
Sharpe ratio^{3} difference. Fund versus benchmark index (percentage points)^{1} | Since 01.01.19980.01 | Last 15 years-0.02 | Last 10 years0.02 | Last 5 years0.01 | Last 12 months2-0.01 |
The fund's tracking error (percentage points)^{1} | Since 01.01.19980.67 | Last 15 years0.77 | Last 10 years0.38 | Last 5 years0.33 | Last 12 months20.35 |
The fund's information ratio (IR)^{1,4} | Since 01.01.19980.38 | Last 15 years0.24 | Last 10 years0.71 | Last 5 years0.49 | Last 12 months2-0.23 |
^{1} Based on aggregated equity and fixed-income investments until end of 2016. ^{2} Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. When relatively few observations are used, as for «Last 12 months», the risk estimates have high uncertainty. ^{3} Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return. ^{4} The fund's information ratio (IR) is the ratio of the fund's average monthly relative return to the fund's tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk. |
5 year periods
1998-2002 | 2003-2007 | 2008-2012 | 2013-2017 | |
---|---|---|---|---|
Fund return (percent) | 1998-20023.19 | 2003-20078.92 | 2008-20123.14 | 2013-20179.26 |
Relative return on fund^{1} (percentage points) | 1998-20020.41 | 2003-20070.40 | 2008-20120.01 | 2013-20170.29 |
Annual price inflation (percent) | 1998-20021.46 | 2003-20072.30 | 2008-20122.01 | 2013-20171.30 |
Annual management costs (percent) | 1998-20020.08 | 2003-20070.10 | 2008-20120.10 | 2013-20170.06 |
Net real return on fund (percent) | 1998-20021.62 | 2003-20076.37 | 2008-20121.01 | 2013-20177.81 |
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return^{2} | ||||
The fund's actual standard deviation (percent) | 1998-20026.13 | 2003-20073.82 | 2008-201211.31 | 2013-20175.90 |
Standard deviation difference. Fund versus benchmark index (percentage points)^{1} | 1998-20020.12 | 2003-20070.17 | 2008-20120.86 | 2013-20170.11 |
The fund's Sharpe ratio (percent)^{3} | 1998-2002-0.12 | 2003-20071.51 | 2008-20120.30 | 2013-20171.50 |
Sharpe ratio^{3} difference. Fund versus benchmark index (percentage points)^{1} | 1998-20020.07 | 2003-20070.03 | 2008-2012-0.01 | 2013-20170.02 |
The fund's tracking error (percentage points)^{1} | 1998-20020.43 | 2003-20070.42 | 2008-20121.20 | 2013-20170.38 |
The fund's information ratio (IR)^{1,4} | 1998-20020.96 | 2003-20070.91 | 2008-20120.09 | 2013-20170.73 |
^{1} Based on aggregated equity and fixed-income investments until end of 2016. ^{2} Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. When relatively few observations are used, as for «Last 12 months», the risk estimates have high uncertainty. ^{3} Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return. ^{4} The fund's information ratio (IR) is the ratio of the fund's average monthly relative return to the fund's tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk. |
Equity management - Annualised
Since 01.01.1999 | Last 15 years | Last 10 years | Last 5 years | Last 12 months^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
Return on equity management (percent) | Since 01.01.19995.92 | Last 15 years7.89 | Last 10 years9.54 | Last 5 years7.99 | Last 12 months12.25 |
Return on equity management benchmark index (percent) | Since 01.01.19995.48 | Last 15 years7.57 | Last 10 years9.31 | Last 5 years7.74 | Last 12 months12.40 |
Relative return on equity management (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19990.44 | Last 15 years0.32 | Last 10 years0.23 | Last 5 years0.25 | Last 12 months1-0.15 |
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return^{1} | |||||
Standard deviation for equity management (percent) | Since 01.01.199914.15 | Last 15 years13.65 | Last 10 years11.63 | Last 5 years10.94 | Last 12 months116.50 |
Standard deviation for equity management benchmark index (percent) | Since 01.01.199913.82 | Last 15 years13.28 | Last 10 years11.40 | Last 5 years10.74 | Last 12 months116.12 |
Standard deviation difference. Equity management versus benchmark (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19990.33 | Last 15 years0.37 | Last 10 years0.23 | Last 5 years0.20 | Last 12 months10.38 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for equity management (percent) | Since 01.01.19990.35 | Last 15 years0.53 | Last 10 years0.80 | Last 5 years0.68 | Last 12 months10.08 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for equity management benchmark index (percent) | Since 01.01.19990.33 | Last 15 years0.52 | Last 10 years0.80 | Last 5 years0.67 | Last 12 months10.08 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} difference. Equity management versus benchmark (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19990.03 | Last 15 years0.01 | Last 10 years0.00 | Last 5 years0.01 | Last 12 months1-0.01 |
Tracking error for equity management (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19990.75 | Last 15 years0.70 | Last 10 years0.43 | Last 5 years0.42 | Last 12 months10.43 |
Information ratio (IR)^{3} for equity management | Since 01.01.19990.61 | Last 15 years0.51 | Last 10 years0.56 | Last 5 years0.61 | Last 12 months1-0.21 |
^{1} Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. When relatively few observations are used, as for «Last 12 months», the risk estimates have high uncertainty. ^{2} Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return. ^{3} The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk. |
Equity management - 5 year periods
1999-2002 | 2003-2007 | 2008-2012 | 2013-2017 | |
---|---|---|---|---|
Return on equity management (percent) | 1999-2002-4.85 | 2003-200716.28 | 2008-2012-0.59 | 2013-201712.95 |
Return on equity management benchmark index (percent) | 1999-2002-5.63 | 2003-200715.37 | 2008-2012-0.59 | 2013-201712.52 |
Relative return on equity management (percentage points) | 1999-20020.78 | 2003-20070.90 | 2008-20120.01 | 2013-20170.42 |
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return^{1} | ||||
Standard deviation for equity management (percent) | 1999-200216.88 | 2003-20079.24 | 2008-201219.11 | 2013-20179.26 |
Standard deviation for equity management benchmark index (percent) | 1999-200216.55 | 2003-20079.00 | 2008-201218.60 | 2013-20179.06 |
Standard deviation difference. Equity management versus benchmark (percentage points) | 1999-20020.33 | 2003-20070.24 | 2008-20120.51 | 2013-20170.20 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for equity management (percent) | 1999-2002-0.44 | 2003-20071.38 | 2008-20120.05 | 2013-20171.35 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for equity management benchmark index (percent) | 1999-2002-0.50 | 2003-20071.32 | 2008-20120.04 | 2013-20171.33 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} difference. Equity management versus benchmark (percentage points) | 1999-20020.06 | 2003-20070.05 | 2008-20120.00 | 2013-20170.01 |
Tracking error for equity management (percentage points) | 1999-20021.00 | 2003-20070.76 | 2008-20120.84 | 2013-20170.45 |
Information ratio (IR)^{3} for equity management | 1999-20020.87 | 2003-20071.07 | 2008-20120.13 | 2013-20170.88 |
^{1} Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. ^{2} Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return. ^{3} The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk. |
Fixed-income management - annualised
Since 01.01.1998 | Last 15 years | Last 10 years | Last 5 years | Last 12 months^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
Return on fixed-income management (percent) | Since 01.01.19984.79 | Last 15 years4.26 | Last 10 years4.22 | Last 5 years3.71 | Last 12 months19.92 |
Return on fixed-income management benchmark index (percent) | Since 01.01.19984.65 | Last 15 years4.17 | Last 10 years3.96 | Last 5 years3.73 | Last 12 months19.61 |
Relative return on fixed-income management (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19980.14 | Last 15 years0.10 | Last 10 years0.26 | Last 5 years-0.02 | Last 12 months10.32 |
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return^{1} | |||||
Standard deviation for fixed-income management (percent) | Since 01.01.19983.29 | Last 15 years3.28 | Last 10 years2.77 | Last 5 years2.81 | Last 12 months13.14 |
Standard deviation for fixed-income management benchmark index (percent) | Since 01.01.19983.17 | Last 15 years3.11 | Last 10 years2.94 | Last 5 years2.98 | Last 12 months13.36 |
Standard deviation difference. Fixed-income management versus benchmark (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19980.12 | Last 15 years0.17 | Last 10 years-0.17 | Last 5 years-0.17 | Last 12 months1-0.21 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for fixed-income management (percent) | Since 01.01.19980.87 | Last 15 years0.91 | Last 10 years1.34 | Last 5 years0.99 | Last 12 months12.32 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for fixed-income management benchmark index (percent) | Since 01.01.19980.86 | Last 15 years0.92 | Last 10 years1.18 | Last 5 years0.94 | Last 12 months12.09 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} difference. Fixed-income management versus benchmark (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19980.01 | Last 15 years-0.02 | Last 10 years0.16 | Last 5 years0.05 | Last 12 months10.23 |
Tracking error for fixed-income management (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19980.99 | Last 15 years1.18 | Last 10 years0.49 | Last 5 years0.39 | Last 12 months10.40 |
Information ratio (IR)3 for fixed-income management | Since 01.01.19980.14 | Last 15 years0.08 | Last 10 years0.50 | Last 5 years-0.07 | Last 12 months10.72 |
^{1} Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. When relatively few observations are used, as for «Last 12 months», the risk estimates have high uncertainty. ^{2} Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return. ^{3} The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk. |
Fixed-income management - 5 year periods
1998-2002 | 2003-2007 | 2008-2012 | 2013-2017 | |
---|---|---|---|---|
Return on fixed-income management (percent) | 1998-20026.26 | 2003-20074.00 | 2008-20125.87 | 2013-20172.96 |
Return on fixed-income management benchmark index (percent) | 1998-20026.09 | 2003-20073.97 | 2008-20125.44 | 2013-20172.98 |
Relative return on fixed-income management (percentage points) | 1998-20020.17 | 2003-20070.03 | 2008-20120.43 | 2013-2017-0.02 |
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return^{1} | ||||
Standard deviation for fixed-income management (percent) | 1998-20023.06 | 2003-20073.04 | 2008-20124.27 | 2013-20172.67 |
Standard deviation for fixed-income management benchmark index (percent) | 1998-20023.05 | 2003-20073.10 | 2008-20123.62 | 2013-20172.92 |
Standard deviation difference. Fixed-income management versus benchmark (percentage points) | 1998-20020.01 | 2003-2007-0.05 | 2008-20120.64 | 2013-2017-0.24 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for fixed-income management (percent) | 1998-20020.67 | 2003-20070.36 | 2008-20121.27 | 2013-20171.03 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for fixed-income management benchmark index (percent) | 1998-20020.62 | 2003-20070.34 | 2008-20121.38 | 2013-20170.95 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} difference. Fixed-income management versus benchmark (percentage points) | 1998-20020.05 | 2003-20070.02 | 2008-2012-0.11 | 2013-20170.08 |
Tracking error for fixed-income management (percentage points) | 1998-20020.31 | 2003-20070.37 | 2008-20121.96 | 2013-20170.47 |
Information ratio (IR)^{3} for fixed-income management | 1998-20020.52 | 2003-20070.08 | 2008-20120.22 | 2013-2017-0.06 |
^{1} Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. ^{2} Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return. ^{3} The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk. |
Equity investments - annualised data*
Since 01.01.1999 | Last 15 years | Last 10 years | Last 5 years | Last 12 months^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
Return on equity investments (percent) | Since 01.01.19995.91 | Last 15 years7.89 | Last 10 years9.53 | Last 5 years7.97 | Last 12 months12.26 |
Return on equity benchmark index (percent) | Since 01.01.19995.48 | Last 15 years7.57 | Last 10 years9.31 | Last 5 years7.74 | Last 12 months12.40 |
Relative return on equity investments (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19990.43 | Last 15 years0.32 | Last 10 years0.22 | Last 5 years0.23 | Last 12 months1-0.14 |
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return^{1} | |||||
Standard deviation for equity investments (percent) | Since 01.01.199914.14 | Last 15 years13.65 | Last 10 years11.62 | Last 5 years10.92 | Last 12 months116.42 |
Standard deviation for equity benchmark index (percent) | Since 01.01.199913.82 | Last 15 years13.28 | Last 10 years11.41 | Last 5 years10.75 | Last 12 months116.14 |
Standard deviation difference. Equity investments versus benchmark (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19990.32 | Last 15 years0.37 | Last 10 years0.21 | Last 5 years0.17 | Last 12 months10.29 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for equity investments (percent) | Since 01.01.19990.35 | Last 15 years0.53 | Last 10 years0.80 | Last 5 years0.68 | Last 12 months10.08 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for equity benchmark index (percent) | Since 01.01.19990.33 | Last 15 years0.52 | Last 10 years0.80 | Last 5 years0.67 | Last 12 months10.08 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} difference. Equity investments versus benchmark (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19990.02 | Last 15 years0.01 | Last 10 years0.01 | Last 5 years0.01 | Last 12 months1-0.01 |
Tracking error for equity investments (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19990.76 | Last 15 years0.70 | Last 10 years0.43 | Last 5 years0.42 | Last 12 months10.40 |
Information ratio (IR)^{3} for equity investments | Since 01.01.19990.60 | Last 15 years0.50 | Last 10 years0.54 | Last 5 years0.56 | Last 12 months1-0.23 |
* The definition of asset classes and benchmark indices follows mandate given by the Ministry of Finance^{1} Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. When relatively few observations are used, as for «Last 12 months», the risk estimates have high uncertainty. ^{2} Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return. ^{3} The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk. |
Equity investments - 5 year periods*
1999-2002 | 2003-2007 | 2008-2012 | 2013-2017 | |
---|---|---|---|---|
Return on equity investments (percent) | 1999-2002-4.85 | 2003-200716.28 | 2008-2012-0.59 | 2013-201712.94 |
Return on equity benchmark index (percent) | 1999-2002-5.63 | 2003-200715.37 | 2008-2012-0.59 | 2013-201712.52 |
Relative return on equity investments (percentage points) | 1999-20020.78 | 2003-20070.90 | 2008-20120.01 | 2013-20170.42 |
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return^{1} | ||||
Standard deviation for equity investments (percent) | 1999-200216.88 | 2003-20079.24 | 2008-201219.11 | 2013-20179.26 |
Standard deviation for equity benchmark index (percent) | 1999-200216.55 | 2003-20079.00 | 2008-201218.60 | 2013-20179.06 |
Standard deviation difference. Equity investments versus benchmark (percentage points) | 1999-20020.33 | 2003-20070.24 | 2008-20120.51 | 2013-20170.20 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for equity investments (percent) | 1999-2002-0.44 | 2003-20071.38 | 2008-20120.05 | 2013-20171.34 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for equity benchmark index (percent) | 1999-2002-0.50 | 2003-20071.32 | 2008-20120.04 | 2013-20171.33 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} difference. Equity investments versus benchmark (percentage points) | 1999-20020.06 | 2003-20070.05 | 2008-20120.00 | 2013-20170.01 |
Tracking error for equity investments (percentage points) | 1999-20021.00 | 2003-20070.76 | 2008-20120.84 | 2013-20170.45 |
Information ratio (IR)^{3} for equity investments | 1999-20020.87 | 2003-20071.07 | 2008-20120.13 | 2013-20170.86 |
* The definition of asset classes and benchmark indices follows mandate given by the Ministry of Finance.^{ 1} Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. ^{2} Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return. ^{3} The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk. |
Fixed-income investments - annualised data*
Since 01.01.1998 | Last 15 years | Last 10 years | Last 5 years | Last 12 months^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
Return on fixed-income investments (percent) | Since 01.01.19984.79 | Last 15 years4.26 | Last 10 years4.22 | Last 5 years3.71 | Last 12 months19.92 |
Return on fixed-income benchmark index (percent) | Since 01.01.19984.65 | Last 15 years4.16 | Last 10 years3.95 | Last 5 years3.72 | Last 12 months19.61 |
Relative return on fixed-income investments (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19980.14 | Last 15 years0.10 | Last 10 years0.27 | Last 5 years-0.01 | Last 12 months10.31 |
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return^{1} | |||||
Standard deviation for fixed-income investments (percent) | Since 01.01.19983.29 | Last 15 years3.28 | Last 10 years2.77 | Last 5 years2.81 | Last 12 months13.14 |
Standard deviation for fixed-income benchmark index (percent) | Since 01.01.19983.17 | Last 15 years3.11 | Last 10 years2.95 | Last 5 years2.99 | Last 12 months13.38 |
Standard deviation difference. Fixed-income investments versus benchmark (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19980.11 | Last 15 years0.16 | Last 10 years-0.18 | Last 5 years-0.18 | Last 12 months1-0.24 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for fixed-income investments (percent) | Since 01.01.19980.87 | Last 15 years0.91 | Last 10 years1.34 | Last 5 years0.99 | Last 12 months12.32 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for fixed-income benchmark index (percent) | Since 01.01.19980.85 | Last 15 years0.92 | Last 10 years1.17 | Last 5 years0.94 | Last 12 months12.07 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} difference. Fixed-income investments versus benchmark (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19980.01 | Last 15 years-0.01 | Last 10 years0.17 | Last 5 years0.06 | Last 12 months10.25 |
Tracking error for fixed-income investments (percentage points) | Since 01.01.19980.99 | Last 15 years1.18 | Last 10 years0.50 | Last 5 years0.41 | Last 12 months10.44 |
Information ratio (IR)^{3} for fixed-income investments | Since 01.01.19980.14 | Last 15 years0.09 | Last 10 years0.51 | Last 5 years-0.03 | Last 12 months10.64 |
* The definition of asset classes and benchmark indices follows mandate given by the Ministry of Finance.^{1} Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. When relatively few observations are used, as for «Last 12 months», the risk estimates have high uncertainty. ^{2} Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return. ^{3} The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk. |
Fixed-income investments - 5 year periods*
1998-2002 | 2003-2007 | 2008-2012 | 2013-2017 | |
---|---|---|---|---|
Return on fixed-income investments (percent) | 1998-20026.26 | 2003-20074.00 | 2008-20125.87 | 2013-20172.96 |
Return on fixed-income benchmark index (percent) | 1998-20026.09 | 2003-20073.97 | 2008-20125.44 | 2013-20172.97 |
Relative return on fixed-income investments (percentage points) | 1998-20020.17 | 2003-20070.03 | 2008-20120.43 | 2013-2017-0.02 |
Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return^{1} | ||||
Standard deviation for fixed-income investments (percent) | 1998-20023.06 | 2003-20073.04 | 2008-20124.27 | 2013-20172.67 |
Standard deviation for fixed-income benchmark index (percent) | 1998-20023.05 | 2003-20073.10 | 2008-20123.62 | 2013-20172.92 |
Standard deviation difference. Fixed-income investments versus benchmark (percentage points) | 1998-20020.01 | 2003-2007-0.05 | 2008-20120.64 | 2013-2017-0.24 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for fixed-income investments (percent) | 1998-20020.67 | 2003-20070.36 | 2008-20121.27 | 2013-20171.03 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} for fixed-income benchmark index (percent) | 1998-20020.62 | 2003-20070.34 | 2008-20121.38 | 2013-20170.95 |
Sharpe ratio^{2} difference. Fixed-income investments versus benchmark (percentage points) | 1998-20020.05 | 2003-20070.02 | 2008-2012-0.11 | 2013-20170.08 |
Tracking error for fixed-income investments (percentage points) | 1998-20020.31 | 2003-20070.37 | 2008-20121.96 | 2013-20170.47 |
Information ratio (IR)^{3} for fixed-income investments | 1998-20020.52 | 2003-20070.08 | 2008-20120.22 | 2013-2017-0.05 |
* The definition of asset classes and benchmark indices follows mandate given by the Ministry of Finance.^{ 1} Key figures for risk and risk-adjusted return are based on monthly observations. ^{2} Sharpe ratio is a measure for risk-adjusted return. ^{3} The information ratio (IR) is the ratio of average monthly relative return to the tracking error. The IR indicates how much relative return has been achieved per unit of relative risk. |
Return on unlisted real estate, funding return, and other return series
2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
Return unlisted real estate | 20187.53 | 20177.52 | 20161.70 | 201510.79 | 20149.65 |
Funding benchmark | 2018-2.06 | 20176.77 | |||
Benchmark index fixed income | 20184.16 | 20170.57 | 20167.59 | ||
Return difference fixed income | 2018-2.46 | 201710.22 | 20162.06 | ||
Return difference funding benchmark | 20189.59 | 20170.75 | |||
Other return series | |||||
FTSE Global All Cap index Real Estate^{1} | 2018-5.49 | 201712.04 | 20167.11 | 20154.74 | 201422.15 |
Benchmark index fixed income | 20180.56 | 20172.88 | 20164.16 | 20150.57 | 20147.59 |
Benchmark index equity | 2018-8.80 | 201718.68 | 20168.58 | 20153.00 | 20148.73 |
Fund benchmark index (equity and fixed income)^{2} | 2018-5.82 | 201712.96 | 20166.97 | 20152.07 | 20148.30 |
^{1 }ICB Supersector Real Estate. Not adjusted for leverage, geography, or any other factors. ^{2 }Actual benchmark index for the Fund. The equity share has varied during the period. |
Property returns measured against MSCI Global
2018^{2} | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|
Property return unlisted real estate investments | 201827.9 | 20178.4 | 20165.6 | 201510.6 | 201411.4 |
MSCI Global^{1} | 20182n/a | 20178.3 | 20167.7 | 201510.9 | 201410.1 |
MSCI Global. Portfolio weights^{1} | 20182n/a | 20178.6 | 20166.9 | 201511.6 | 201411.4 |
Return difference to MSCI Global | 20182n/a | 20170.1 | 2016-2.1 | 2015-0.3 | 20141.2 |
Return difference to MSCI Global. Portfolio weights | 20182n/a | 2017-0.2 | 2016-1.3 | 2015-1.0 | 20140.0 |
^{1} Adjusted for transaction costs. ^{2} MSCI Global figures for 2018 are not available. |
Returns in international currency
The fund invests in international securities in foreign currency. The fund’s returns are generally measured in international currency – a weighted composition of the currencies in the fund’s reference indices for equities and bonds. This is known as the fund’s currency basket and consisted of 36 currencies at the end of the third quarter 2019. Unless otherwise stated in the text, results are measured in this currency basket.
Relative and risk-adjusted return
In decomposing the fund's relative return and risk-adjusted return we distinguish between the terms equity investments and equity management. Equity investments is the total holding of listed stocks measured against the strategic equity benchmark from the Ministry of Finance. Equity management is our holding of listed stock excluding listed real estate that is managed together with unlisted real estate in the overall real estate management, measured against a benchmark adjusted for funding of listed and unlisted real estate investments. The same goes for fixed income.
Methodology for the calculations of returns
The methodology for calculating returns on the funds managed by Norges Bank Investment Management is based on the international standard Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS®). This is GIPS reports and the GIPS compliance manual, including formulae for calculating returns.
Last saved: 02/01/2020