Many companies depend on the ocean as part of their business model. Economic activity may have a negative impact on life in the ocean. Companies may at the same time find business opportunities through new and sustainable uses of the ocean. In our expectations document, we emphasise that companies should ascertain that material ocean-related risks and opportunities are integrated in corporate strategy, risk management and reporting.
“The ocean is a vital part of the biosphere and an important part of the global economy. We expect companies to manage the challenges and opportunities related to sustainable use of the ocean”, says Yngve Slyngstad, CEO of Norges Bank Investment Management.
Our expectations are aimed both at companies with activities directly in or on the ocean, and at those with land-based activities or value chains that are materially dependent on, or affect, the ocean. Examples of relevant sectors include ocean-based industries such as shipping, wild-catch fisheries and aquaculture, but also retail, the value chain of plastic products and agricultural goods.