Despite differences in board structures, election procedures and nomination processes, significant commonalities of board appointment practices exist across the 10 major national stock markets analysed. In all markets companies have a shareholder-approved board with a responsibility to oversee management. Shareholders have no formal role in producing a recommended (“nominated”) board slate, with the exception of Sweden. Shareholder rights to propose alternative board candidates exist, but are seldom used. Informal involve ment in board nomination processes is the preferred route for shareholders wanting to yield influence over board composition.